Natural disasters, war, famine, social unrest, terrorism and financial collapse can quickly destabilize a community, potentially forcing you and your family into a survival situation.
To survive you must gather the items necessary to satisfy the basic human requirements of food, water, and shelter.
Additionally, you will require items to provide health care, communications with the outside world and security.
This comprehensive prepper supply list will give you a solid foundation for the types of items you need to survive.
Water is crucial for survival. While a human can survive 3 weeks without food, they will only live for 3 days without water.
The quality of the water is also important, and in some survival situations you may only have access to poor contaminated water that must be filtered.
An adult requires a minimum of 1 gallon of water per day, more for hot environments or during periods of intense physical activity.
To ensure a supply of clean drinkable water, you will require:
Ways to filter and purify water
- A gravity fed water filter with replacement cartridges
- Kettle with lid to boil water (plus a heat source)
- Coffee filters to remove sediment from water
- Camping water filters for using when on the move
- Water purification tablets
- Iodine, bleach (without perfume) or calcium hypochlorite for disinfecting water
Ways to store water
- Rain barrels attached to roof guttering
- 55-gallon storage barrels
- A water containment system like the waterBOB
- Additional bathtubs and sinks
Ways to transport water
- Large water bottles, stainless steel or plastic
- 5-gallon water jugs
- Water bladders
- Wheel barrow or small wagon to transport water containers
- Pump system and hoses
Behind water, food is the most crucial component for human survival. You can purchase and store a large amount of food with a long shelf life. However, a smart survivalist also develops the ability to hunt for food, gather food from the wilderness, grow food, preserve food and prepare food.
Make sure the food that you store is food that you enjoy. Taste-test everything that you are going to store in your cupboard.
Develop the skills required to hunt, gather, grow and preserve your own food. Don’t just store hundreds of seeds and expect to pick up gardening skills immediately, it won’t happen.
Here are the types of foods and equipment you should focus on:
Stored Long Term Food and Staples
- Canned vegetables, fruit, and meat
- Legumes (kidney beans, lentils, peas, soya beans)
- Pasta and grains (wheat, rice)
- Dry milk
- Staples including flour, sugar, spices, salt, honey, yeast, baking powder, vinegar
- Cooking oils
- Dried foods
Food Hunting Tools
- Hunting rifles and plenty of ammunition
- Bow and arrows
- Trap making tools
- Fishing gear including rods, hooks, lures, and nets
Food Gathering Tools
Bags, navigational tools and knowledge base to inform you of what is safe to eat
Food Growing Tools
- Hoe, shovel, rake
- Hoses and access to water source
Food Preservation Tools
- Glass jars for pickling or fermenting
- Caning pot or pressure canner
- Drying tray for sun-drying food
- Solar powered food dehydrator
- All stored food should be kept in airtight containers that are pest-proof.
Food Preparation Tools
- Camping stove, solar oven, BBQ grill, fire pit, solar oven
- Utensils and cooking implements
- Can openers
- Pots and pans
After you are well fed and your thirst has been quenched, shelter is the most essential human need. Included within this broad category are clothing, building materials and the heating or cooling sources that help keep your body temperature at safe levels.
Clothing designed to be worn in nature — windproof and weatherproof. All clothing should be made from the appropriate materials for survival situations
- Heavy duty work shoes and additional laces
- Plenty of pairs of socks and underwear
- Rain gear
- Various jackets for indoor or outdoor wear in each season
- Sun glasses, protective glasses, goggles, spare pairs of prescription glasses
- Hats and bandanas
Building Materials and Tools
- Tools including wrenches, screw drivers, pliers, wire cutters and more
- Tarps and plastic sheeting
- Nails, screws
- Chains and padlocks
- Duct tape
Camping tents and tarpaulins
Heat and Cooling
- Wood burning stove
- Solar powered fans, hand held fans
- Gas heaters
- Plenty of fuel
- Fire extinguisher
In a survival situation, common medical problems can quickly become life-threatening. It is crucial to maintain your hygiene and health appropriately because there may not be a hospital to go to!
There are three categories of health-related items which survivalists store:
- Large first aid kit and small first aid kits for when mobile
- Band aids
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Snake bite kit and spider bite kit
- CPR kit
- First aid instructions
- Scalpel and tweezers
- Toothpaste, toothbrushes and dental floss
- Soap and shampoo
- Bucket with toilet lid, toilet paper
- Quick lime or wood ash to deal with human waste
- Shaving supplies
- Feminine hygiene products
- Baby wipes and hand sanitizer
- Sunscreen, moisturizer and lip balm
- Scissors, combs, nail clippers and tweezer
- Camp shower
- Latex gloves
- Calamine Lotion
- Benadryl, Neosporin
- Pain relief
- Allergy medication
- Prescription medication
During times of social disruption, it is quite likely that the police department is no longer functioning or too busy to assist you.
Your family’s safety and possessions could be at risk unless you take steps to ensure their security.
The following items are recommender for any survival situation:
- Pistol and rifle
- Plenty of ammunition
- Combat knife
- Compound bow and arrows
- Gun oil and cleaning solvent
- Barbed wire
- Camouflaged clothing
- Bright flashlights
- Alarms and movement sensors
- Heavy duty locks
- Metal barricades and shutters
If you find yourself in a survival situation, contacting another person might be necessary to save your life. After a disaster, communication equipment is also useful for finding other people who may need your help.
Some communication equipment to have on hand during a survival situation:
- Ham radio, two-way radio, world band radio, antennas, solar charger for radios
- Signaling mirrors
In addition to the above items, there are a number of household items and energy generation tools that will make your life easier.
- Blankets, towels, sheets
- Clothesline, washing detergent and pegs
- Plastic wrap, ziplock bags and aluminum foil
- Insecticides and pesticides
- Solar panels
- Rechargeable batteries and chargers
- Generator and extension cords
- Oil lamp and oil
- Inverter to connect to car battery and charge devices
- Gasoline, charcoal, propane
- Siphon pump