Category Archives for "Prepper List"

Food Prepper List: What Should I Be Stockpiling?

Food Prepper List: What Should I Be Stockpiling?

One of the most important tasks necessary to improving your emergency preparedness is building a food stockpile. 

If you are bunkering down to survive a long-term emergency situation, it is critical to have a large food stockpile already prepared. 

Local grocery stores will empty out within a matter of hours and will they become potentially dangerous locations where armed looters may be present. 

Don’t expect to be able to pop-in to the local store for a few extra items in an emergency situation!

The difficult part of building an emergency stockpile is ensuring you have the right types of food that will keep well for long periods and satisfy your needs. 

This guide will help you decide which foods and staples to stockpile, increasing your chances of surviving a long-term emergency situation. 

This food prepper list is about people who are bugging-in rather than bugging-out during an emergency crisis.   

Considerations When Building a Food Stockpile

When adding items to your food prepper list keep these important considerations in mind:

Assume that nothing will be available in the stores
Every basic need must be met by your stockpile for at least 6-months.  Plan to be self-sufficient.

Focus on Longevity
All foods should be packaged or prepared so they have great longevity.  Aim for foods that keep for a minimum of 6-months.

You need comfort food also!
Realize that food has both a nutritional role and a close relationship with our happiness — try to bring items you enjoy eating and are familiar with.  Also bring some comfort foods.

Choose nutritionally dense foods
Try to find foods that have a great deal of nutrition in a small size, because they are easier to store.

Choose food that doesn’t require a great deal of preparation
You may not have electrical power or you may run out of fuel, so having foods that need to be cooked can backfire.

You may need to re-package
Most food bought at a grocery has not been packaged well and is not designed to store for long periods.  It will have to be repackaged.  Use sturdy plastic containers that are airtight and pest-proof.

Some foods just don’t store well
Even if you repackage them, don’t expect those corn chips to store well!  Highly processed foods usually don’t do well when stored for long periods.

Long-Term Foods
Here are some of the foods that will store well over long periods and offer significant nutritional value.

Canned Soups
High-quality canned soups have an outstanding shelf life and are a real comfort food

Dried pasta and white rice
Dried pasta and rice have a very long shelf life so bring a lot of it.  Dry pasta can easily last 3 years and rice can last for decades if stored appropriately.  Keep both in sealed containers, in a cool and dry location.  Avoid brown rice because it does not have the longevity of white rice, due to its higher oil content.
Also take pasta sauce, because it allows you to very quickly make a meal.

Flour
Store white flour, self-rising flour and cornmeal for adding to meals.  Keep in mind the fact that flour has a short shelf-life — flour only tends to last 3-6 months in the pantry

Whole grains (wheat, barley, corn, quinoa, corn and rye)
Unlike flour, whole grains do store well and all you need to process them into flour is a food processor or flour mill.  Popped corn is also a fantastic comfort food.

Canned vegetables
Look for vegetables that are particularly high in nutrients.  Green beans, sweet potato, cabbage, beetroot, carrots, peas and olives are all great survivalist foods.

Canned meat and fish
Meat is a great source of protein and provides most of the nutritional elements that you need to survive.  Fish also offer Omega-3 fatty acids, which are very useful for maintaining good health.

Cured meat
Jerky and other dehydrated meats are the perfect prepper foods — they keep for long periods and are very nutritious.

Canned Fruit and Fruit Juices
Some fruits are an excellent source of vitamins and energy.  Avoid fruit juices that have sugar added to them.  In a survival-situation, high doses of sugar can very detrimental. 

Cereals
Stockpile the favorite cereals that your family enjoys, but avoid sugar-laden cereals.  Shredded wheat is particularly rich in nutrients and stores relatively well.  You may have to repackage cereals because the carload boxes and plastic are often flimsy and vulnerable to pests.

Canned or dried legumes
Legumes including kidney beans, lima beans, navy beans, adzuki beans, garbanzo beans, lentils, black eye beans, peas, soya beans and pinto beans are all great sources of carbohydrates and protein. 
They are very flexible and can be added to soups, casseroles, pies, curries or eaten raw.  The fluid in a can of legumes is also excellent for thickening a soup.  Baked beans are the ultimate comfort food that most people love to eat.

Powdered Milk, Eggs and Whey
Powdered milk and eggs are essential for if you will be drinking tea/coffee or baking.  Whey is a by-product of the cheese making process and an excellent source of protein.

MREs and other ready-to-eat meals
You should store some meals that require no work to consume.  If your family becomes incapacitated because of illness, having food on hand that does not require any work to prepare is useful.

Dried fruit
Dried fruits retain much of their nutritional value and can store for long periods.  Take raisins, apples, bananas, mango, pineapple and many more varieties.  Avoid buying “fruit rollup” products because they have had sugar added.  Look for natural dried fruit products.

Hard candy and dark chocolate
A comfort food that can provide you with bursts of energy when you need it.   Take some high quality dark chocolate to use in cooking and as a morale booster.

Nuts
While nuts can go rancid quickly if stored inappropriately, they are delicious and nutritious snack foods that can be added to many meals.  Almonds, pecans, hazelnuts and pistachios are particularly healthy nuts.

Peanut butter
Nutrient rich, delicious and long-lasting.  Avoid peanut butters with high levels of salt and sugar.

Jams and preserves
Blackberry, strawberry, raspberry, grape and apple jams are delicious comfort foods you should store.


Staples
These staples will help you prepare meals and stay healthy in a survival-situation.

Salt
Fantastic for enhancing the flavor of meals, salt is one staple that you must store plenty of.  Salt is also useful in survival situations, helping to preserve food.  Include some pink Himalayan salt, because it is particularly high in trace elements which are essential for your health.

Dried herbs and spices
Include a variety of dried herbs and spices for you meals.   Make sure you take the basic spices including oregano, basil, thyme, coriander and chili. 

Sugar
All types of sugar last for extremely long periods and do not support bacterial growth.  Sugar can be a very valuable commodity for trading. Store in a dark and dry location, preferably sealed in plastic to prevent hardening.

Yeast and baking powder
Being able to bake will make life a lot easier — fresh bread and toast is nutritious and filling

Raw Honey
Honey will remain edible indefinitely.  It does crystallize, but simply place the honey container into warm water to dissolve them.  A fantastic comfort food, raw honey also has medicinal properties and can help heal cuts.

Coffee and Tea
Coffee and tea are not just luxuries — they help sustain your health and keep you alert in survival situations.

Cooking Oils
Store a variety of good quality cooking oils.  Opt for virgin oils, which have only been pressed once and have the most nutritional value.   Coconut oil is a particularly good form of oil to store because it has a very long shelf life (2 years or more). 

Pure vanilla extract
Useful for cooking, relieving pain from burns and repelling insects.

Alcohol
Distilled spirits that have a high percentage of alcohol content will keep for extremely long periods.  Vodka, whiskey, gin and rum are all worth adding to your stockpile for a number of reasons.  They can be used to relieve pain, disinfect cuts and are highly valuable barter items.

Distilled White Vinegar
Useful for salad dressings and cooking, it will last for very long periods.  It can also be used as a disinfectant.  You should also consider bringing apple cider vinegar because it has a wide variety of medicinal and cooking uses

Condiments
A variety of condiments should be brought along to make meals more flavorsome.  Take mustard, tomato sauce, soy sauce, Worcestershire sauce, tobacco sauce and mayonnaise.   

Vitamins
Bring a variety of vitamins to maintain your health

Doomsday Prepper List: What They Didn’t Tell You About On The Show

What they did not tell you about on the Show.

Television and media have greatly dramatized the possibility of a doomsday situation.

Where I am not saying that there will not be a disaster situation (as most experts do point to a possible catastrophic event) I am stating that the Hollywood flare has been added to the whole doomsday scenario.

Here are a few things that anyone should consider when viewing the doomsday prepper show and building their Doomsday Prepper List:

1) It is television and therefore means that it is scripted

One of the main problems that I have with reality shows is that they are scripted.

And where I do like the Doomsday prepper show, there are some major flaws which mislead those looking to live off the grid, outdoors, in a survivalist situation.

First, the scoring has:

  • food
  • water
  • shelter
  • and security.

However, there is not a rating for heat or for sustainability. Fire is an essential to the survival of anyone.

Apart from the actual heat, it works for your sterilization of tools, the killing of bacterium in meats, and as the heating element to melt liquids down which will be needed for binding agents (such as when you melt nylon).

Secondly, the show skews the reality of the person’s prepping.

Yes, you may have enough food and water to last you for a year in a cellar somewhere, but if that cellar is flooded or if there is a government take over and martial law is established where your food and water storage area is seized then what do you do then?

I do acknowledge that there have been some individuals on the show which have had gardens and aquaponics systems.

However, for the most part those on the show have stocked up with little thought to the long haul.

2) That in a disaster situation, you will not get a cute rating scale to help you out

In a real doomsday situation there will be no second chances.

You will either have the skill set that you need or you will not.

I do like the fact that the show tests the scenario for which the prepper is getting ready for and gives them a somewhat realistic assessment of how well or how poorly they will do.

This being stated, I do believe that more emphasis needs to be given to the Doomsday Prepper Checklist:

  • Having water straws and filtration methods for gathering water once your supply runs out
  • Showing methods of finding game trails, gathering fruits and other edible substances
  • Bushcrafts
  • Firecrafts

What makes reality shows like the Doomsday Preppers so comical to me is that you are presented with those individuals which have taken the prepping to the ultimate limits.

Now, for most of the people who are prepping there are a few things that they have in common.

One, they will not have their main stash shown on television or broadcast that they are a prepper.

It makes them a target.

Two, I have noted that a great deal of the preppers on the show have their supplies at their residence.

Most seasoned preppers have a small supply at their residence but have a fall back supply near to their bug out location.

Finally, a real doomsday prepper will have alternate routes, plans, and packs for different scenarios.

3) The Doomsday preppers in the show are ill prepared for situations outside of their prediction.

The final bit of information which is overlooked on the Doomsday Prepper Show is that the preppers have a specific scenario in mind. 

Granted, a great deal of these hypotheses has been grounded in some form of truth.

Yet, the prepper is ill prepared for a catastrophic event which is not catered to their planned for scenario.

Perhaps that is being a bit harsh. They do have water and food and such, but the point is that if they are planning for an EMP attack and there is a flood then the situation is completely different.

So what should you do?

Preppers should focus on gathering the essentials needed for survival and then making tangents from the essentials to meet certain realistic situations that can occur for their geographical location.

Where it may be great entertainment to plan for the zombie apocalypse, there has never been a case where someone came back from the dead with a hunger for brains. (besides that incident in Miami a few years back thanks to bath-salts)

It is not going to happen.

What you can plan for is for an epidemic disease outbreak.

This means that you will focus more upon sterilization and keeping yourself away from contamination then you will be on stocking up on ammunition and machetes.

If you want to be a prepper then PREP

Plan – Look at the situations which are likely to happen and make disaster plans for those situations

Recon – Find locations where you can bug out to. Make sure that you have more than one location.

Enact – Put your plan into action by practicing your disaster plan. It does not good to plan if you have no way to ensure that you will survive.

Prepare – Prepare not only for the event that is most probable, but for the evens which may result from your disaster.

For example: If you are planning for a financial crisis, then you will also need to prepare for a food shortage (as there will be no food stamps and those in poverty will do anything to avoid starvation), martial law (as there will be riots), and a loss of communications (as no money means no sustainability of anything which requires a lot of funding).

What can you gain from the show?

I am in no way saying that you should ditch watching the show.

It is great entertainment.

Keep in mind that it is that though, entertainment.

True, you can get some useful information in which to start from and the website has a vast amount of supporting information.

Yet, you should not base your entire doomsday strategy upon any reality show.

If you do, then you are not in reality yourself.

A Basic Prepper List For Beginning Prepping

When you first make the decision to improve your emergency preparedness and survival skills, it can seem like there are dozens of items to gather and hundreds of things to learn about.  It can all be very over whelming for the beginner prepper.

This article will help you identify the basic items necessary to improve your emergency preparedness.  It focuses on the essential items which you absolutely must have and skips the ‘luxury’ survival items that other lists contain. 

This article will also provide some great tips for building a prepper list for new preppers who may be a little short on money or time.

Water
Essential to life, securing a source of clean water is crucial.  To ensure reliable access to drinkable water, you will require some water storage, water transportation and water purification tools.

Water Purification and Filtration Tools
You will need a variety of methods for removing potentially dangerous chemicals, sediment, viruses and bacteria from water.

Filtration is necessary to remove some chemicals and sediment, but remember it will not remove all of the potentially dangerous bacteria or viruses present in the water. 

Most forms of water purification will kill any viruses or bacteria, but will not remove dangerous chemicals or sediment!  It is only through a combination of the two processes that you can make your water safe for consumption.

Two of the following methods to purify water should be purchased: Water purification tablets, Iodine, non-scented bleach or calcium hypochlorite.  Learn the ratios and techniques necessary to use these methods.

A kettle with a lid to boil water and kill any bacteria or viruses it contains (remember this will not remove any harmful debris or chemicals).

Water filters, ideally a portable camping filter and an in-home gravity fed filter.  Also purchase some coffee filters for removing larger particles of sediment from water.

Other devices which are optional but recommended include the SteriPEN Handheld UV Water Purifier, Aquamira Frontier and LifeStraw® Water Filter

Transporting Water
You should acquire multiple lightweight containers for traveling and larger containers for transporting bulk quantities of water.  Remember that some plastics are not suitable for the long term storage of water, so choose your containers carefully.

You should obtain a variety of items for transporting water including:

  • Large plastic or stainless steel bottles and canteens
  • Personal water bottles within inbuilt carbon filters
  • 5-gallon water jugs
  • One or more water bladders

Storing Water
Make sure you have the ability to store all of that water by purchasing or gaining access to:

  • 55-gallon storage barrels and rain barrels
  • Smaller plastic containers like soft drink bottles and water jugs
  • Bathtubs, pools and sinks can all be useful
  • Sterilize all containers used to store or carry water with a bleach mixture — 1 teaspoon of unscented chlorine bleach to a quart of water to sanitize a bottle. 
  • Date all water that you are storing in plastic containers and avoid storing water in plastic containers for more than a 6-months.  Water stored for longer than this period has an increased risk of bacterial contamination.

If you are on a budget, get creative with the methods you use to transport, store and filter water.  For example, a plastic sheet can folded to carry water and servers many other purposes.  Gradually building a collection of plastic soft drink bottles is perhaps the cheapest way to build your water storage capacity.

Food
If you are a new prepper who is just starting to improve their emergency preparedness, you probably have less than 1 week worth of food in the entire house!  You should gradually increase your capacity to feed yourself over long periods with a stockpile.  Don’t rush out and buy 100 cans of baked beans, but spend a few months gradually building a stock pile.

In addition to gathering long-life food, you should store items that allow you to hunt for food, farm for food as well as prepare and preserve food.

Food Stockpile
At a minimum, you will need a 6-month supply of long-life food and staples.

  • Canned vegetables, legumes (kidney beans, lentils, peas, soya beans), fruit, and meat
  • Pasta, rice and wheat
  • Staples including flour, sugar, spices, salt, honey, yeast, baking powder, vinegar
  • Cooking oils, condiments
  • Coffee/Tea and powdered milk

Food Hunting Tools

  • Hunting rifle and plenty of ammunition, Bow and arrows
  • Trap making tools and the knowledge to use them effectively
  • Fishing gear including rods, hooks, lures, and nets
  • Maps and navigational equipment

Food Growing Tools
Gardening is a crucial survivalist skill that every prepper should learn.  It allows you to sustain yourself for very long periods.

  • Shovel, rake, hoe and other gardening tools
  • Fertilizers and insecticides
  • Non-GMO Seeds for a wide range of vegetables
  • Hoses and other equipment to water your crops

Food Preservation and Preparation Tools

You should include at lest two ways of cooking food and two ways to preserve the food you grow or catch. 

  • Glass jars for pickling or fermenting, a canning pot or pressure canner
  • A solar food dehydrator and drying trays for sun-drying food
  • A variety of pest-resistant food containers
  • Two of the following options — BBQ grill, camping stove, solar oven, fire pit, solar oven and good supply of fuel
  • Utensils and cooking implements
  • Can openers, pots and pans

Health Care
Looking after your health is a very important survival skill that all preppers should spend time developing.  It is not enough to just purchase a first aid kit and hope for the best, you should obtain training for dealing with emergency medical situations.  A beginning prepper should purchase the following basic items:

  • Large first aid kit and small first aid kits for traveling
  • Hydrogen peroxide and other disinfectant creams
  • Snake bite kit and spider bite kit
  • A comprehensive first aid instruction book
  • Scissors, scalpel, tweezers and additional bandages
  • You should also have plentiful hygiene supplies including:
  • Soap and shampoo
  • Toothpaste, toothbrushes and dental floss
  • Toilet paper, portable toilet and quick lime to help deal with human waste
  • Camp shower
  • Sunscreen, moisturizer and lip balm
  • Vitamins, pain relief, prescription drugs, antihistamines and any other allergy medication
  • Scissors, combs, nail clippers and tweezer

Shelter
You should include some resources for making shelter in the wild and improving the condition of existing buildings.  A beginner prepper should purchase:

  • Basic tools including screw drivers, pliers, crowbars, wire cutters
  • Camping tents, sleeping bags, blankets, rope and tarpaulins
  • Nails, screws, duct tape, padlocks, chains
  • Heating and cooling appliances for your shelter which may include a wood burning stove, fans, gas heater and plenty of fuel
  • Various household items including towels, sheets, washing detergent, pegs, and insecticides.
  • Energy generation tools including solar panels, gas generator, inverter and the necessary fuel
  • Lighting, which can include oil lamps, candles, solar charged lights and headlamps.

Clothing

You should also gather practical clothing that is suited to outdoor environments.  Think about the types of materials used in the clothing you purchase, concentrating on accumulating weatherproof clothing.

  • Shirts, jackets, pants, and underwear. Focus on finding jackets and pants designed for survival situations.  Avoid military colors because they may make you a target during times of civil unrest
  • Two pairs of well made work shoes, socks and additional laces.  Tennis shoes and sandals.
  • Rain gear including rain proof ponchos
  • Thermals
  • Many forms of eye wear including sun glasses, goggles, spare pairs of prescription glasses
  • Headwear including hats, bandanas and beanies

Security and Communications

Finally, the beginner prepper must ensure he has the items necessary to protect themselves and their family. 

  • A pistol and a rifle with ammunition and cleaning tools
  • Combat knife, combat bow and arrows
  • Heavy duty locks, alarms, security lights and metal shutters throughout your home
  • Your ability to communicate with others effectively is also an important survival skill.  Make sure you have the following items:
  • Two-way radio, HAM radio or world band radio
  • Mobile phone and ideally access to a landline
  • Signaling mirrors, flashlights and whistles
  • Walkie talkies

Gradually gather these items and practice your survival skills in the wilderness to improve your emergency preparedness.  The key is to plan your emergency response and be ready when the worst happens!

The Only Prepper Supply List You Need to Read

Natural disasters, war, famine, social unrest, terrorism and financial collapse can quickly destabilize a community, potentially forcing you and your family into a survival situation.

To survive you must gather the items necessary to satisfy the basic human requirements of food, water, and shelter.  

Additionally, you will require items to provide health care, communications with the outside world and security.    

This comprehensive prepper supply list will give you a solid foundation for the types of items you need to survive.

Water
Water is crucial for survival.  While a human can survive 3 weeks without food, they will only live for 3 days without water. 

The quality of the water is also important, and in some survival situations you may only have access to poor contaminated water that must be filtered. 

An adult requires a minimum of 1 gallon of water per day, more for hot environments or during periods of intense physical activity.

To ensure a supply of clean drinkable water, you will require:

Ways to filter and purify water

  • A gravity fed water filter with replacement cartridges
  • Kettle with lid to boil water (plus a heat source)
  • Coffee filters to remove sediment from water
  • Camping water filters for using when on the move
  • Water purification tablets
  • Iodine, bleach (without perfume) or calcium hypochlorite for disinfecting water

Ways to store water

  • Rain barrels attached to roof guttering
  • 55-gallon storage barrels
  • A water containment system like the waterBOB
  • Additional bathtubs and sinks

Ways to transport water

  • Large water bottles, stainless steel or plastic
  • Canteens
  • 5-gallon water jugs
  • Water bladders
  • Wheel barrow or small wagon to transport water containers
  • Pump system and hoses

Food

Behind water, food is the most crucial component for human survival.  You can purchase and store a large amount of food with a long shelf life.  However, a smart survivalist also develops the ability to hunt for food, gather food from the wilderness, grow food, preserve food and prepare food.

Make sure the food that you store is food that you enjoy.  Taste-test everything that you are going to store in your cupboard. 

Develop the skills required to hunt, gather, grow and preserve your own food.  Don’t just store hundreds of seeds and expect to pick up gardening skills immediately, it won’t happen.

Here are the types of foods and equipment you should focus on:

Stored Long Term Food and Staples

  • Canned vegetables, fruit, and meat
  • Legumes (kidney beans, lentils, peas, soya beans)
  • Pasta and grains (wheat, rice)
  • Dry milk
  • Staples including flour, sugar, spices, salt, honey, yeast, baking powder, vinegar
  • Cooking oils
  • Condiments
  • Coffee/Tea
  • Dried foods
  • Alcohol

Food Hunting Tools

  • Hunting rifles and plenty of ammunition
  • Bow and arrows
  • Trap making tools
  • Fishing gear including rods, hooks, lures, and nets

Food Gathering Tools
Bags, navigational tools and knowledge base to inform you of what is safe to eat

Food Growing Tools

  • Hoe, shovel, rake
  • Fertilizer
  • Seeds
  • Hoses and access to water source

Food Preservation Tools

  • Glass jars for pickling or fermenting
  • Caning pot or pressure canner
  • Drying tray for sun-drying food
  • Solar powered food dehydrator
  • All stored food should be kept in airtight containers that are pest-proof.

Food Preparation Tools

  • Camping stove, solar oven, BBQ grill, fire pit, solar oven
  • Utensils and cooking implements
  • Can openers
  • Pots and pans

Shelter

After you are well fed and your thirst has been quenched, shelter is the most essential human need.  Included within this broad category are clothing, building materials and the heating or cooling sources that help keep your body temperature at safe levels.

Clothing

Clothing designed to be worn in nature — windproof and weatherproof.  All clothing should be made from the appropriate materials for survival situations

  • Heavy duty work shoes and additional laces
  • Plenty of pairs of socks and underwear
  • Rain gear
  • Various jackets for indoor or outdoor wear in each season
  • Thermals
  • Sun glasses, protective glasses, goggles, spare pairs of prescription glasses
  • Hats and bandanas

Building Materials and Tools

  • Timber
  • Tools including wrenches, screw drivers, pliers, wire cutters and more
  • Tarps and plastic sheeting
  • Crowbars
  • Nails, screws
  • Chains and padlocks
  • Duct tape
  • Rope

Temporary Shelter
Camping tents and tarpaulins

Heat and Cooling

  • Wood burning stove
  • Solar powered fans, hand held fans
  • Gas heaters
  • Plenty of fuel
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Blankets

Health Care
In a survival situation, common medical problems can quickly become life-threatening.  It is crucial to maintain your hygiene and health appropriately because there may not be a hospital to go to! 

There are three categories of health-related items which survivalists store:

First-aid

  • Large first aid kit and small first aid kits for when mobile
  • Band aids
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Snake bite kit and spider bite kit
  • CPR kit
  • First aid instructions
  • Scalpel and tweezers

Hygiene Supplies

  • Toothpaste, toothbrushes and dental floss
  • Soap and shampoo
  • Bucket with toilet lid, toilet paper
  • Quick lime or wood ash to deal with human waste
  • Shaving supplies
  • Feminine hygiene products
  • Baby wipes and hand sanitizer
  • Sunscreen, moisturizer and lip balm
  • Scissors, combs, nail clippers and tweezer
  • Camp shower
  • Latex gloves

Medications

  • Vitamins
  • Calamine Lotion
  • Benadryl, Neosporin
  • Pain relief
  • Allergy medication
  • Prescription medication

Security

During times of social disruption, it is quite likely that the police department is no longer functioning or too busy to assist you.

Your family’s safety and possessions could be at risk unless you take steps to ensure their security. 

The following items are recommender for any survival situation:

Weapons

  • Pistol and rifle
  • Plenty of ammunition
  • Combat knife
  • Compound bow and arrows
  • Gun oil and cleaning solvent

Protective Items

  • Sandbags
  • Barbed wire
  • Camouflaged clothing

Property Security

  • Bright flashlights
  • Alarms and movement sensors
  • Heavy duty locks
  • Metal barricades and shutters

Communications

If you find yourself in a survival situation, contacting another person might be necessary to save your life.  After a disaster, communication equipment is also useful for finding other people who may need your help. 

Some communication equipment to have on hand during a survival situation:

  • Ham radio, two-way radio, world band radio, antennas, solar charger for radios
  • Signaling mirrors
  • Flares
  • Flashlights
  • Whistles

Miscellaneous Items
In addition to the above items, there are a number of household items and energy generation tools that will make your life easier.

Household Items

  • Blankets, towels, sheets
  • Clothesline, washing detergent and pegs
  • Plastic wrap, ziplock bags and aluminum foil
  • Insecticides and pesticides

Energy Generation

  • Solar panels
  • Rechargeable batteries and chargers
  • Generator and extension cords
  • Oil lamp and oil
  • Inverter to connect to car battery and charge devices
  • Gasoline, charcoal, propane
  • Siphon pump
  • Candles
  • Headlamps

The Definitive Bug Out Bag List

The Definitive Bug out Bag List

The 13 items you need in order to survive both urban and wilderness Chaos

There are many posts available on what you should and should not have in your bug out bag. Honestly, most of these lists contain enough supplies to sustain you in a crisis.

However, one of the key issues that I have with many of these bug out bag list is the focus is not intended for both the urban and the wilderness survival.

You have to pick one or the other. As a prepper, I believe that it is essential to create a bug out bag that will work in any situation.

Here is my definitive prepper list of 13 items you should have in your bug out bag if you want to survive.

1) Water Pouches and Water Straws

It will be stated over and over again on any prepper blog, video, or book that water is going to be your number one concern. You must have a way to secure a water supply. Simply having bottled water will not suffice.

Yes, the water pouches will help to sustain you for a few days, but after that you will need to find a fresh water source and be able to filter the water.

Water straws and water filtration is a must. Additionally, knowing where to find water that does not have to be filtered (such as rainwater and snow) is paramount to your survival.

2) Dehydrated Foods/ survival food packs

Whether you choose to have MREs, dehydrated meats, or professional survival packs in your bag, the point is that you have food which will not expire quickly.

Your food needs to have low sodium and sugar to keep you from dehydrating or becoming malnourished. If you need to have sugar, you should use natural resources such as dehydrated fruit. Do not pack gummy worms, chips, and junk food.

If you must pack a sweet ensure that you do so in an air tight bag to keep out bugs, ants, and other pests which are attracted to sugar.

3) A tactical First aid kit

A tactical first aid kit goes beyond the off the shelf cheap consumer products. These kits will give you everything you need in order to survive an urban or a wilderness situation.

From blood transfusion pouches to defibrillator, the tactical first aid kit will generally have more items then you will ever need to use.

Yet, I find that it is better to be over prepared then laying on the sidewalk wishing you had something to treat that gash in your leg.

4) A toothbrush

The toothbrush is an essential, yet most commonly overlooked tool in your bug out bag. Your teeth are the cornerstone of your health.

It has been shown that a cavity can cause problems with the heart as well as the nervous system. Having a toothbrush can also double as a close range weapon if needed.

5) Rope and String

More than likely you will have many functions which require you to use rope and string. The reason that you will need both is that you cannot (unlike a great many prepper sites advocate) use rope for everything.

There will be instances where you will need to have string. Ensure that you buy a spool so that you have plenty. Your rope should be industry strength and capable of being used to belay off of cliffs and other obstacles without danger.

6) Socks

Yes, you will need other clothing. However, anyone who has been in the military will tell you that your feet need to stay clean and well treated.

If your feet become wet and infected your mobility ability will cease.

Therefore, you should have at least 7 pairs of socks in your bag. As socks do not take up a great deal of space, I would say pack more. You can always use the socks later as water collection tools, tear them up for rope when they become unwearable, or double them up to create extra warmth.

7) Flint and Steel

If you are relying on matches to keep your heat supply going then you are at great odds for not surviving for long.

You will need to have a firecraft. It is strongly advised that you have several pieces of flint and steel in your pack.

As it may be hard to find heat, especially in an urban situation, having flint and steel in your pack will increase your chances of survival dramatically. You may also want to consider having a few pieces of newspaper and some tinder in your bag to help get the fire going.

8) A Flashlight and Spare Batteries

A flashlight is just a common sense item. If a disaster occurs at night you will need to have a means of navigating through both urban and wilderness terrain.

If you do not have a flashlight then doing so will be a great deal more difficult. Also, in some cases you can use your flashlight to create fire.

If you have chosen a durable metal flashlight over those dinky little novelty flashlights, you can use it as a defensive weapon if needed.

9) A Knife

Your knife will be your primary weapon as well as your primary tool.

I know that this goes against those prepper sites which want to sell you a ton of ammunition and guns, but the truth is that more people get killed with their own gun then with some other gun.

Secondly, when your ammunition runs out then you have a giant paperweight.

Your knife will be used as a tool as well as a weapon, so keep it sharp. Nothing is more aggravating then trying to cut a rope and having to saw back and forth forever to get the job done.

10) A hand axe/Hatchet

Similar to your knife, your axe will serve as a primary tool as well as a weapon.

Where it may be ideal to have just a knife for easy carrying purposes, you will quickly find that an axe is a great tool to have for cutting down large obstacles (such as fallen trees) or as an access tool (such as breaking off locks). It can also serve as a defensive weapon.

11) A shovel

By shovel, I mean a military shovel which is multi-purpose. Ensure that you chose a shovel which has metal fittings and at least one sharp edge.

12) A survivalist handbook

One of the keys to being a successful prepper is to acknowledge that you do not have all the answers and that you will need help.

In your bug out bag you will need to have a guide to help you for the times where you just do not know what to do.

It is recommended that you try to find a survival guide that addresses both urban as well as wilderness survival. Key points to consider are firecraft, bushcrafts, tactical procedures, plant identification, and food and water sustainability.

13) A typographical map

Finally, any bug out bag worth its salt will have a typographical map of the area. Why a typographical map over the standard map?

A typographical map will give you the cliffs and the valleys of the area.

This will help you with your route planning. In the course of a catastrophic event, the general public will flood the roads, and then they will seek the least taxing terrain.

By knowing this information you can strategically plan a route that avoids most of the public as well as presents you with the advantage of knowing where to look for certain resources and food.

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